COMPLEJO EDIPO ELECTRA PDF

Transcript of Complejo de Edipo y Electra. Revelaciones de Yocasta Predicciones de Tiresias Peste en Tebas Cuál es el ser que anda primero. fedecba Complejo de Edipo y de Electra Todo lo que hay que Saber En psicoanálisis, el complejo de Edipo, a veces también denominado. Nosotros aprendimos en la escuelas cosas como el Toisón de Oro, el mito de Electra o el complejo de Edipo traduciendo del latín. La Vanguardia ().

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The negative Oedipus complex refers to a child’s unconscious sexual desire for the same-sex parent and hatred for the opposite-sex parent. Freud rejected the term ” Electra complex ” [5]which was introduced by Carl Gustav Jung in in his work, ” Theory of Psychoanalysis ” [6] in regard to the Oedipus complex manifested in young girls.

Oedipus refers to a 5th-century BC Greek mythological character Oedipuswho unwittingly kills his father, Laiusand marries his mother, Jocasta.

A play based on the myth, Oedipus Rexwas written by Sophoclesca. Modern productions of Sophocles’ play were staged in Paris and Vienna in the 19th century and were phenomenally successful in the s and s.

The Austrian psychiatristSigmund Freud —attended. In his com;lejo The Interpretation of Dreams first published inhe proposed that an Oedipal desire is a universal, psychological phenomenon innate phylogenetic to human beings, and the cause of much unconscious guilt. Freud believed that the Oedipal sentiment has been inherited through the millions of years it took for humans to evolve from apes. He also claimed that the play Hamlet “has its roots in the same soil as Oedipus Rex “, and that the differences between the two plays are revealing.

In Hamlet it remains repressed; and—just as in the case of a neurosis—we only learn of its existence from its inhibiting consequences. However, in The Interpretation of DreamsFreud makes it clear that the “primordial urges and fears” that are his concern and the basis of the Oedipal complex are inherent in the myths the play by Sophocles is based on, not primarily in the play itself, which Freud refers to as a “further modification of the legend” that originates in a “misconceived secondary revision of the material, complemo has sought to exploit it for theological purposes”.

A six-stage chronology of Sigmund Freud ‘s theoretic evolution of the Oedipus complex is:. In classical psychoanalytic theory, the Oedipus complex occurs during the phallic stage of psychosexual development age 3—6 yearswhen also occurs the formation of the libido and the ego ; yet it might manifest itself at an earlier age.

In the phallic stagea boy’s decisive psychosexual experience is the Oedipus complex—his son—father competition for edjpo of mother. It is in this third stage of psychosexual development that the child’s genitalia is his or her primary erogenous zone ; thus, when children become aware of their bodies, the bodies of other children, and the bodies of their parents, they gratify physical curiosity by undressing and exploring themselves, each other, and their genitals, so learning the anatomic differences between “male” and “female” and the gender differences between “boy” and “girl”.

Psychosexual infantilism —Despite mother being the parent who primarily gratifies the child’s desiresthe child begins forming a discrete sexual identity—”boy”, “girl”—that alters the dynamics of the parent and child relationship; the parents become elwctra of infantile libidinal energy.

The boy directs his libido sexual desire upon his mother and directs jealousy and emotional rivalry against his father—because it is he who sleeps with his mother.

COMPLEJO DE EDIPO Y ELECTRA PDF

Moreover, to facilitate union with mother, the boy’s id wants to kill father as did Oedipusbut the pragmatic egobased upon the reality principleknows that the father is the stronger of the two males competing to possess the one female. Nonetheless, the boy remains ambivalent about his father’s place in the family, which elwctra manifested as fear of castration by the physically greater father; the fear is an irrational, subconscious manifestation of the infantile id.

Psycho-logic defense —In both sexes, defense mechanisms provide transitory resolutions of the conflict between the drives of the id and the electraa of the ego. The first defense deipo is repressionthe blocking of memories, emotional impulses, and ideas from the conscious mind; yet its action does not resolve the id—ego conflict. The second defense mechanism is complejooin which the boy or girl child adapts by incorporating, to his or her super ego, the personality characteristics of the same-sex parent.

As a result of this, the boy diminishes his castration anxietybecause his likeness to father protects him from father’s wrath in their maternal rivalry. In the case of the girl, this facilitates identifying with mother, who understands that, in being females, neither of them possesses a penis, and thus are not antagonists.

Therefore, the satisfactory parental handling and resolution of the Oedipus complex are most important in developing the male infantile super-ego. This is because, by identifying with a parent, the boy internalizes Morality ; thereby, he chooses to comply with societal rules, rather than reflexively complying in fear of punishment. In Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-year-old Boythe case study of the equinophobic boy ” Little Hans “, Freud showed that the relation between Hans’s fears—of horses and of his father—derived from external factors, the birth of a sister, and internal factors, the desire of the infantile id to replace father as companion to mother, and guilt for enjoying the masturbation normal to a boy of his age.

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Moreover, his admitting to wanting to procreate with mother was considered proof of the boy’s sexual attraction to the opposite-sex parent; he was a heterosexual male.

Yet, the boy Hans was unable to relate fearing horses to fearing his father. As the treating psychoanalystFreud noted that “Hans had to be told many things that edipl could not say himself” and that “he had to be presented with thoughts, which he had, so far, shown no signs of possessing”.

Initially, Freud equally applied the Oedipus complex to the psychosexual development of boys and girls, but later modified the female compleno of the theory as “feminine Oedipus attitude” and “negative Oedipus complex”; [22] yet, it was his student—collaborator Carl Jungwho, in his work, ” Theory of Psychoanalysis “proposed the Electra complex to describe a girl’s daughter—mother competition for psychosexual possession of the father.

In the phallic stagea girl’s Electra complex is her decisive psychodynamic experience in forming a discrete sexual identity ego. Whereas a boy develops castration anxietya girl develops penis envyfor she perceives that she has been castrated previously and missing the penisand so forms resentment towards her own kind as inferior, while simultaneously striving to claim her father’s penis through bearing a male child of her own.

Furthermore, after the phallic stage, the girl’s psychosexual development includes transferring her primary erogenous zone from the infantile clitoris to the adult vagina. Freud thus considered a girl’s negative Oedipus complex to be more emotionally intense than that of a boy, resulting, potentially, in a woman of submissive, insecure personality ; [25] thus might an unresolved Electra complex, daughter—mother competition for psychosexual possession of father, lead to a phallic-stage fixation conducive to a girl becoming a woman who continually strives to dominate men viz.

Oedipus complex

Therefore, the satisfactory parental handling and resolution of the Electra complex are most important in developing the female infantile super-egobecause, by identifying with a parent, the girl internalizes morality ; thereby, she chooses to comply with societal rules, rather than reflexively complying in fear of punishment.

In regard to narcissism compejo, the Oedipus complex is viewed as the pinnacle of the individual’s maturational striving for success or for love. Edip and mentors are put in the ego ideal of the individual and compldjo strive to take on their cimplejo, skills, or insights. The Oedipus complex, in narcissistic terms, represents that an individual can lose the ability to take a parental-substitute into his ego ideal without ambivalence. Once the individual has ambivalent relations with parental-substitutes, he will enter into the triangulating castration complex.

In the castration complex the individual becomes rivalrous with parental-substitutes and this will electrs the point of regression. In Psycho-analytic notes on an autobiographical account of a case of paranoia Dementia paranoidesFreud writes that “disappointment over a woman” object drives or “a mishap in social relations with other men” ego drives is the cause of regression or symptom formation.

Triangulation can take place with a romantic rival, for a woman, or with a work rival, for the reputation of being more potent. When Sigmund Freud — proposed that the Oedipus complex was psychologically universal, he provoked the evolution of Freudian psychology and the psychoanalytic treatment method, by collaborators and competitors alike.

In countering Freud’s proposal that the psychosexual development of boys and girls is equal, i. Electraby Sophocles. In classical Freudian psychology the super-ego”the heir to the Oedipus complex”, is ckmplejo as the infant boy internalizes the familial rules of his father. In contrast, in the early s, using the term “pre-Oedipal”, Otto Rank proposed that a boy’s powerful mother was the source of the super-ego, in the course of normal psychosexual development. Rank’s theoretic conflict with Freud excluded him from the Freudian inner circle; nonetheless, he later developed the psychodynamic Object relations theory in Whereas Freud proposed that father the paternal phallus was central to infantile and adult psychosexual developmentMelanie Klein concentrated upon the early maternal relationship, proposing that Oedipal manifestations are perceptible in the first year of life, the oral stage.

Her proposal was part of the ” controversial discussions ” —44 at the British Psychoanalytical Association. The Kleinian psychologists proposed that “underlying the Oedipus complex, as Freud described it From edipl postmodern perspective, Jacques Lacan argued against removing the Oedipus complex from the center of psychosexual developmental experience.

He considered “the Oedipus complex—in electraa far as we continue to recognize it as covering the whole field of our experience with its signification Thus “a child learns what power independent of leectra is as it compkejo through the Oedipus complex InSigmund Freud wrote that “with the progress of psychoanalytic studies the importance of the Oedipus complex has become, more and more, clearly evident; its recognition has become the shibboleth that distinguishes the adherents of psychoanalysis from its opponents”; [43] thereby it remained a theoretic cornerstone of psychoanalysis until aboutwhen psychoanalysts began investigating the pre-Oedipal son—mother relationship within the theory of psychosexual development.

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For Kohutas for Winnicott and Balintthe Oedipus complex is an irrelevance in electrw treatment of severe pathology “.

If you take a person’s adult life—his love, his work, his hobbies, his ambitions—they all point back to the Oedipus complex”. According to Armand Chatard, Freudian representation of the Oedipus complex is little or not at all supported by empirical data he relies on Kagan,Bussey and Bandura, In recent years, more countries have come in support of same-sex marriage, with the number expected to increase.

As of Decemberthe countries that have legalized gay marriage stands at 29, including the majority of European nations and the Americas. As a elwctra the pillars of the family structure are diversifying to include parents who are single or of the same sex as their partner along with the traditional heterosexual, married parents.

These new family structures pose new questions for the psychoanalytic theories such as the Oedipus complex that require the presence of the mother and the father in the successful development of a child. Eipo its Freudian conception, psychoanalysis and its theories have always relied on traditional gender roles to draw itself out. In the s psychologists distinguished different roles in parenting for the mother and father. The role of primary caregiver is assigned to the mother.

Motherly love was considered to be unconditional. The Oedipus complex is complsjo in the context of modern family structures, as it requires the existence of the notions of masculinity and femininity. Postmodern psychoanalytic theories are vomplejo meant to rid or discredit the foundation of psychoanalysis, but rather aim to reestablish psychoanalysis for modern times. In the case of newer family structures that epectra the traditional Oedipus complex, it may mean modifying eedipo discarding the complex completely.

Shenkman suggests that a loose evipo of the Oedipus complex in which the child seeks sexual satisfaction from any parent regardless of gender or sex, would be helpful: Psychoanalyst Melanie Kline, proposed a theory which broke gender stereotypes, but still kept traditional father-mother family structure.

Moreover, from the post-modern perspective, Grose contends that “the Oedipus complex isn’t really like that. It’s more a way of explaining how human beings are socialised Parent-child and sibling-sibling incestuous unions are almost universally forbidden. Steven Pinker wrote that “The idea that boys want to comolejo with their mothers strikes most men as the silliest thing they have ever heard.

Obviously, it did not seem so to Freud, who wrote that as deipo boy he once had an erotic reaction to watching his mother dressing. Of note is that Amalia Nathansohn Freud was relatively young during Freud’s childhood and thus of reproductive age, and Freud having a wet-nursemay not have experienced the early intimacy that would have tipped off his perceptual system that Mrs.

Freud was his mother.

Imagen complejo de edipo y de electra.jpg

Some contemporary psychoanalysts agree with the idea of the Oedipus complex to varying degrees; Hans Complejoo proposed it is so “at least in Western societies”; [57] and others consider that ethnologists already have established its temporal and geographic universality. A Rlectra Guide to RomanceAnouchka Grose says that “a large number of people, these days believe that Freud ‘s Oedipus complex is defunct In Esquisse pour une autoanalysePierre Bourdieu argues that the success of the concept of Oedipus is inseparable from the prestige associated with ancient Greek culture and the relations of domination that are reinforced in the use of this myth.

In other words, if Oedipus was Bantu or Baoule, he probably would not have benefited from the coronation of universality. This remark recalls the historically and socially situated character of the founder of psychoanalysis. A study conducted at Glasgow University potentially supports at least some aspects of the psychoanalytic conception elrctra the Oedipus complex. The study demonstrated that men and women were twice as likely to choose a partner with the same eye color as the parent of the evipo they are attracted to.

Johnson and psychiatrist Douglas Price-Williams suggests that the classic version of the Oedipus Complex that boys go through is present, with the sexual and aggressive sentiments less repressed in cultures without class separation.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the species of salamander, see Oedipina complex.

His destiny moves us only because it might have been ours—because the Oracle laid the same curse upon us before our birth as upon him. It is the fate of all of us, perhaps, to direct our first sexual impulse towards our mother and our first hatred and our first murderous wish against our father. Our dreams convince us that this is so. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. Basic Psychoanalytic Concepts on the Libido Theory.

The Language of Psycho-analysis reprint, revised ed. The Psychoanalytic Model of the Mind. Psychoanalytic Terms and Concepts. The language of psycho-analysis.