Lie-proof your life with Carl Sagan’s “baloney detection” checklist course of their training, scientists are equipped with a baloney-detection kit. Based on the book “The Demon Haunted World: Science as a candle in the dark” published by Headline, The following are suggested as tools for testing. The Fine Art of Baloney Detection is an essay by Carl Sagan in his constitutes what Sagan very politely calls a “Baloney Detection Kit.
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Argument from adverse consequences. Ask yourself why you like the idea. This especially goes for Carl Saganperhaps the greatest science communicator of the past century or so. Statistics of small numbers such as drawing conclusions from inadequate sample sizes. Statistics of small numbers. Never mind that there is no evidence for it. Detectjon refer the reader to the Answers in Genesis page on the non-constant speed of light.
The Fine Art of Baloney Detection – RationalWiki
Weasel words – for example, use of euphemisms for war such as “police action” to get around limitations on Presidential carll. Check for confounding factors – separate the variables. What is vague and qualitative is open to many explanations. Slippery slope – also a subset of excluded middle – unwarranted extrapolation of the effects give an inch and they will take a mile. Argument from adverse consequences putting pressure on the kut maker by pointing out dire consequences of an “unfavourable” decision.
Astonishment when confronted with the fact that half of all people have an IQ belowa value that was defined as the median score in the first place.
The Baloney Detection Kit
Evidence, cafl course, suggests that the earth’s magnetic field not only waxes and wanes, but even switches polarity every ki often. Archive All posts by date.
Can others duplicate the experiment and get the same result? Try not to get overly attached to a hypothesis just because it’s yours. The following are suggested as tools for testing arguments and detecting fallacious or fraudulent arguments:. Begging the question assuming an answer in the way the question is phrased. Observational selection counting the hits and forgetting the misses. This occurs when a statement has an unproven premise.
It is also called “circular reasoning” or “circular logic”. Evolution isn’t good science, since it can’t be proven. Common fallacies of logic and rhetoric Ad hominem – attacking the arguer and not the argument. Spin more than one hypothesis – don’t simply run with the first idea that caught your fancy.
Confusion of correlation and causation. Slippery sloperelated to excluded middle. Science as a candle in the dark” published by Headline, Meaningless question “what happens when an irresistible force meets an immovable object? In other words, is it testable? Conduct control experiments – especially “double blind” experiments where the person taking measurements is not aware of the test and control subjects.
Of course, the creationist just put a “time dilation field” around it, and everything is OK. Excluded middle – considering only the two extremes in a range of possibilities making the “other side” look worse than it really is.
Sagan makes a few suggestions about the “tools” a skeptic should keep ready in valoney Baloney Detection Kit. Currently the earth’s magnetic field is decreasing in intensity.
The Baloney Detection Kit
Special pleading typically referring to god’s will. Perhaps they no longer need each other. Encourage substantive debate on the evidence by knowledgeable proponents of all points of view. Prepared by Michael Paine 27 January Assuming a current trend has remained constant throughout its history and will continue to do so in the future, even though no evidence suggests such an extrapolation is justified.
Never mind the consequences if the speed of light changed from fast to slow; atoms and the energy of photons would be so messed up that the early creation earth would probably fry any young earth. Spin more than one hypothesis. Community Saloon bar To do list What is going on? Retrieved from ” https: Spin more than one hypothesis – don’t simply run with the first idea that caught your fancy.
Fiction Free Audio Books: These are all in Sagan’s words: Special pleading typically referring to god’s will.
Suppressed evidence or half-truths. Weasel words – for example, use of euphemisms for war such as “police action” to get around limitations on Presidential powers. Common fallacies of logic and rhetoric: Ad hominem – attacking the arguer and not the argument. Intelligent design is good science, because it can’t be disproved. Misunderstanding the nature of statistics President Eisenhower expressed astonishment and alarm on discovering that fully half of all Americans have below average intelligence!