AK Ramanujan How many Ramayanas! Three hundred? Three thousand? At the end of some Ramayanas, a question is sometimes asked. About two weeks ago, Delhi University voted to remove A.K. Ramanujan’s essay, “Three Hundred Ramayanas,” from its curriculum. The scholarly essay by A. K. Ramanujan. “Three Hundred Ramayanas: Five Examples and Three Thoughts on Translation.’ appeared in The.

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I think he is being pressurised because this is very unlike him. Maybe this episode isn’t over yet? His is a variant of a sizeable lineage of such Mahabharata distortionists. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. On October 9,the Academic Council of the University decided to remove the essay from the BA curriculum for its next academic cycle.

But we do have one complete telling of the Rama story by traditional bards tamburi dasayyassung with a refrain repeated every two lines by a chorus.

Hanuman sat on the platter, wondering what to do. One hardly need add that the Paumacariya is filled with references to Jain places of pilgrimage, stories about Jain monks, and Jain homilies and legends. And there are stories that answer the question.

The emphasis on water itself, the source of life and fertility, is also an explicit part of the Tamil literary tradition. One ends with the return of Rama and Sita to Ayodhya, their capital, to be crowned king and queen of the ideal kingdom.

This leaves just the one reasonable possibility: In Santhal oral tellings, Sita is even portrayed as an unfaithful wife and is seduced by both Ravana and Lakhshmana.


However, Ramanujan considers only five tellings of Ramayana, namely, the ramajujan by ValmikiKamban ramanujsn, the Jain telling, the Thai Ramakien and the South Indian folk tellings.

One day a great reciter of that grand epic the Ramayana came to the village.

It has been established that the Tripithakas in their current form were compiled during the third Sangeeti organized by Kanishka in the 1 st century C. I cannot resist repeating my favourite example.

A.K. Ramanujan: ’Three Hundred Ramayanas: Five Examples and Three Thoughts on Translation’

The king looked around and showed him a platter. In one memorable incident, he lays siege to an impregnable fort.

On the fourth day, his wife went with him, sat him down in the very first row, and told him sternly that he should keep awake no matter what might happen. Now the Tamil Ramayana of Kampan generates its own offspring, its own special sphere of influence. Every evening he would sing, recite, and explain the verses of the epic. Recently the Vice Chancellor and the Academic Council over ruled the opinion of the history department, as well as the expert committee and removed the essay from the list of recommended readings.

He had the power to become the smallest of the small and larger than the largest thing. Also, the VC set such a serious matter as a supplementary agenda at the meeting and circulated the copies of the essay amongst the members at the last minute.

We read Kampan to read Kampan, and we judge him on his own terms—not by his resemblance to Valmiki but, if anything, by the extent that he differs from Valmiki. Posted by Amardeep Singh at 8: The Shatakotipravistara —that is, the long, uncountable list of various Ramayanas have been subject to extensive discussions and debates in our Itihasas and Puranas over thousands of years. After that she is abducted by Ravula. You sent her to the jungle.


At the centre of the controversy is the university’s Vice Chancellor, Prof. A villager who had no sense of culture and no interest in it was married to a woman who was very cultured.

The tradition itself distinguishes between the Rama story ramakatha and texts composed by a specific person—Valmiki, Kampan, or Krttivasa, for example. The following sources provide more information on the arguments against the inclusion of the essay in the curriculum:.

Behind the mask of the three hundred Ramayanas | IndiaFactsIndiaFacts

Another thoughtful account of the controversy is here. The history department teachers, of course, refused to comply. Some later extensions like the Adbhuta Ramayana and the Tamil story of Satakantharavana even give Sita a heroic character: Indra bears the mark of what he lusted for, while Ahalya is rendered incapable of responding to anything.

Do you know of one where Sita doesn’t go with Rama to the forest?

Here Rama does not even kill Ravana, as he does in the Hindu Ramayanas. Very soon, he was caught up in the adventures and the characters of the great epic story.

Rama sat on his throne on the earth above. He slept through the night. One may go further and ramanuman that the cultural area in which Ramayana s are endemic has a pool of signifiers like a gene poolsignifiers that include ramankjan, characters, names, geography, incidents, and relationships. Therefore you will lose your testicles.